When sharing music splits with rights holders, it is important to document the roles of each. The main roles that provide remuneration are author, composer, songwriter, music publisher, producer, and main artist to name a few. The identification of the role is paramount, as copyright applies according to the role undertaken and is administered by a different collective organisation. These structures commonly known as PROs (Performing Rights Organisations), CMOs (Collective Management Organisations), and MROs (Mechanical Rights Organisations) are important pillars for remuneration.
On the side of the musical work, SOCAN collects only the Performing Rights and Private Copying royalties for the musical work and represents only the interests of its members who are songwriters and/or publishers. There are also mechanical reproduction rights which are administered and collected by SOCAN DR (SODRAC) or by CMRRA. On the sound recording side, today’s artists must also join a society such as Soproq, CONNECT, ARTISTI, ACTRA RACS, and/or Re:Sound if they are the producer or performer.
Even though the vast majority of music is created using digital technology and the distinction between a musical work and a sound recording seems obsolete, copyright management is carried out in accordance with the Canadian Copyright Act (CCA) and established music industry practices. Each SPP is responsible for becoming a member of the organisation that collects royalties from the rights associated with the roles they play.
MusicTeam® supports several roles in its platform, such as author, composer, songwriter, publisher, producer, performer, recording engineer, and musician. These not only allow for the attribution of credits to contributors of creations on distribution platforms but also provide the necessary foundation for copyright royalties.